What Are the Different Types of Dementia?

Types of Dementia

Dementia is not one condition. It is a term that describes is a group symptom characteristic of one or more neurodegenerative symptoms occurring when brain cells stop working correctly.

Dementia describes severe brain changes affecting the brain and these changes make it difficult to perform daily activities and causes changes in personality and behavior.

The changes happen inside specific parts of the brain affecting the thinking process, memory and the ability to communicate.

8 Types of Dementia

What causes dementia? There are various conditions which contribute to the development of dementia.

The different types of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Lewy Body dementia, Huntington’s disease, frontotemporal dementia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome.

Alzheimer’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia.

Currently, more than 5.5 million Americans are living with Alzheimer’s, this according to the Alzheimer’s Association. The condition is more common in in older adults, and 10 percent of adults over 65 have Alzheimer’s.

The early symptoms of dementia include mood changes, forgetting names, and recent events. As the brain cells start to die, a loved one with dementia may start to have trouble walking and talking.

Risk factors for Alzheimer’s include age, lifestyle, genetics and environmental factors. Family history is a strong risk factor, especially if you have a parent or sibling with the disease.

Read the rest at NewLifeOutlook.

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How to Recognize When Too Much Gaming Becomes an Addiction

How to Recognize When Too Much Gaming Becomes an Addiction

Video Game Addiction

Video game addiction is yet to be recognized by the American Medical Association, but it is still a genuine problem for many people.

Prevalence

One study reported in the International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction shows as much as 40 percent of online gamers admit they play video games to escape from the realities and problems of the real world.

A second study reported in Psychological Science finds that one in ten gamers under the age of 18 are considered “pathological gamers.” These players spend twice as much time gaming than non-pathological gamers do, and they receive poorer grades and suffer from attention problems.

Who Is at Risk for Developing a Video Game Addiction?

A 2016 report in International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, shows that risk factors associated with video game addiction may include:

  • Being young
  • Living alone
  • Not being conscientious
  • Dealing with high levels of moodiness, depressed mood, anxiety, worry, fear, anger, frustration, guilt and envy, a psychosocial personality trait called neuroticism
  • Having poor psychosomatic health

Signs of Video Game Addiction

Spending too much time gaming doesn’t necessarily mean you have a gaming addiction.

According to the Pew Research Center, half of American adults play video games on the computer, TV, electronic device, or a gaming console. Most of these adults play games safely and without harmful effects on their mental and physical health.

As with other addictions, video game addiction has warning signs. It is important to know these signs if you or someone you care about is a constant gamer.

Read the rest at NewLifeOutlook.

Chronic Pain in the Workplace

Unless you have lived with chronic pain, you cannot begin to fathom the physical and psychological torture many people in pain go through.  Chronic pain is an issue so often ignored in the workplace.

About a year ago, I wrote an article about “presenteeism,” which basically is the act of attending work while you are sick.  But presenteeism isn’t just showing up for work when you have a cold or the sniffles, it is showing up to work every day despite pain, fatigue and other symptoms that come with chronic pain and illness.

Presenteeism was recently researched by the Global Corporate Challenge (GCC), which found that while employees with chronic health conditions took an average of just four sick days a year, they confessed to being unproductive at work an average of 57.5 days a year.

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The GCC report estimated that the cost of presenteeism was 10 times higher than absenteeism. Absent workers cost employers in the United States, United Kingdom and Australia about $150 billion a year, but those who came to work and were not fully productive cost them $1,500 billion.

The study’s authors noted the importance of companies to improve productivity by putting their focus on reducing presenteeism.

I am not sure employers know or even care how many of their people are dealing with chronic pain challenges.  And if they do, what expectations do they have of these employees? Do they even understand the difficulties of being productive when you are physically hurting?

Read the rest at the Pain News Network.

What Causes Osteoarthritis of the Hip?

What Causes Osteoarthritis of the Hip?

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip results when the cartilage cushioning the joints of the hip wears out, causing pain and stiffness. Much like the knees, the hips are weight-bearing joints, so that makes them more susceptible to wear and tear.

According to a 2010 report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the lifetime risk for symptomatic OA of the hip was 25.3 percent.

People living with osteoarthritis of the hip have problems with walking, but diagnosis can be difficult because pain can radiate into the groin, buttocks, thighs and even the knees. While osteoarthritis of the hip is a serious condition, it can still be managed and treated.

What Causes Hip Osteoarthritis?

The causes of OA of the hip are unknown, but certain factors contribute to OA developing in the hip joints. These include:

  • Injury to the joint
  • Increasing age
  • Excessive weight
  • Repetitive activity that puts pressure on the hip joint

Other less common causes include:

  • Incorrect joint formation
  • Genetic cartilage defects

People do not need risk factors to develop OA, and anyone can develop this painful condition.

Osteoarthritis is not the only form of arthritis that affects the hip joints. Other types of arthritis that cause joint inflammation in the hip, including:

  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Psoriatic arthritis

There is no cure for OA and any of the other types of arthritis. However, there are ways to treat pain, inflammation and other symptoms of osteoarthritis.

Diagnosing Osteoarthritis of the Hip

There is no lab testing to identify osteoarthritis of the hip.   Doctors must try to determine what is causing your hip pain beginning with a physical exam and identification of symptoms.

Read the rest at NewLifeOutlook.

Rheumatoid Arthritis by the Numbers: Facts and Statistics

Rheumatoid Arthritis Facts and Statistics

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is one of the most common forms of arthritis. It can affect anyone of any age or background.

RA affects 1.3 million American adults, this according to the American College of Rheumatology. Worldwide, RA prevalence is up to 1%, this according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

Prevalence of RA

Age and Gender

The average onset of RA is between the ages of 30 and 60, but RA can strike at any age. Even children can develop the disease. According to the Mayo Clinic, the lifetime risk of developing RA is 3.6% for women and 1.7% for men.

Women tend to develop RA much earlier in life, during their 30s and 40s. The course of the disease also differs between the genders.

Research shows women report more symptoms than men and their symptoms tend to be worse. Further, women may not respond to treatment as well as men do.

If you are a woman with RA, you are less likely to achieve remission, which is a period where you no longer experience symptoms and pain.

Women with RA may also develop fibromyalgia, which makes RA symptoms even worse. In fact, 5%-20% of people with RA also have fibromyalgia, this according to researchers from The Royal Wolverhampton Hospital, Wolverhampton, United Kingdom.

Researchers think hormones play a role in the development of RA, which may explain as to why more women are affected. Women tend to develop the disease at times when their hormones are unstable, such as after pregnancy or around menopause.

Read the rest at New Life Outlook.

Joint space narrowing: Treatment, causes, and more

Determining the amount of space between the bones in a person’s joints is a tool that doctors use when evaluating arthritis. When the space starts to narrow, it may be an early indication that someone has an arthritic condition.

Joint space narrowing (JSN) is also a starting point for deciding the type of treatment to give for arthritis.

When joints are healthy, they show normal spacing where the bone ends meet. The bone ends are covered by white tissue called articular cartilage, which covers the place where bones come together to form the joints.

The goal in treating arthritis is to prevent further damage to joints and any worsening of the accompanying pain and lack of mobility.

Read the rest at Medical News Today.

8 Coping Skills for People Battling Depression

Depression is known for draining your energy, motivation, and desire, which makes it harder for to feel better.

While it is true you cannot just magically snap out of depression; you still have some control. Even the most stubborn and persistent depression can be managed and treated.

It is important to note that feeling better takes time, but you can eventually get there. You can start small and work towards making positive daily choices.

I’ve personally used these coping skills for depression myself and have found that they have helped me manage my symptoms of depression.

Take Action

Recovering from and coping with depression requires effort on your part. But the catch-22 with depression is that taking action is hard to do.

But even the simplest response on your part means that you are doing something.

For example, if all the strength you have today is enough for showering, just do that but the next day, and going outside – if are just sitting on your front porch – to your to-do list. And the following day, take a walk around the block and try something more the next day, and so on.

Stay Connected

Depression makes you want to withdraw and isolate yourself even from those who you have been closest with. And while alone time is okay sometimes, social support is necessary for coping with and recovering from depression.

Stay connected by:

  • Looking for support from loved ones. Your friends and family care about you and while they may not be able to do anything specific to help, talking to them and having a listening ear can help you to manage some of your feelings.
  • Getting out of the house. While social media, email, and telephone are great ways to connect, the simple act of being with friends and family face-to-face plays a significant role in reducing depressed feelings.
  • Not giving up social activities. You may want to withdraw, but it is important that you not give up on the activities that bring you happiness.
  • Supporting others. Research shows helping and supporting others can boost your mood. Find ways to help by volunteering, helping a friend or by just being a listening ear.
  • Caring for pets. Pets can bring great joy and companionship to your life. And taking of a pet is a mood booster because it helps you feel needed.

Read the rest at New Life Outlook.