Understanding the Correlation Between Fructose and Gout
Gout is a very painful form of inflammatory arthritis and its most common symptom is pain in the big toe, but gout can affect any of your joints.
Gout affects 8.3 million Americans or 3.9 percent of the American population, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Men are more commonly affected than their female counterparts.
The main cause of gout is too much uric acid build up in the blood, called hyperuricemia. When there is too much uric acid, it turns into crystals and those crystals end up in and around your joints.
Risk factors for gout are obesity, a diet high in meat and seafood, sugary beverage consumption, certain medical conditions and medications, a family history of gout, age and sex, and recent trauma or surgery. Gout occurs more often in men because women usually have lower uric acid levels, but women who have already gone through menopause have an increased risk.
Gout also increases your risk for high blood pressure, chronic kidney disease, kidney stones, and an advanced form of gout characteristic of skin nodules called tophi.
Tophi is the result of urate crystals forming under the skin in several areas, including the fingers, hands, elbows, or the back of the ankles. While these skin nodules are not painful, they can become tender and inflamed during gout attacks.
Increase in Gout Over Past Few Decades
You may know the best diet for gout is one low in meat (especially organ meat) and seafood, but animal proteins are not the only things that increase your risk for gout and cause inflammation in people who already have gout.
Fructose — found in sugary drinks and fruits — also increases the production of uric acid. There is a strong correlation between fructose and gout.
The consumption of fructose in the United States has increased considerably since the introduction of high fructose corn syrup in the late 1960s. This has resulted in the increased prevalence of gout over the past few decades.